Scientists have discovered a new eerie kind of aurora borealis on Mars (photo)

NASA and the United Arab Emirates’ Nadia probe have joined forces to study the ultraviolet proton glows that dance and glow high in the Martian atmosphere.

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Scientists have studied the aurora borealis on Mars. A new study shows that Auroras are very dynamic and changeable.

This is reported by Science Alert.

For the new study, NASA and the Nadia probe of the United Arab Emirates joined forces.

Proton auroras are reportedly the most common auroras on the Red Planet. They form very similarly to how Auroras form on Earth; however, since Mars is a completely different beast, without an inner magnetosphere like Earth, the end result is unique.

“We conclude that a number of processes can create spotted auroras,” say the researchers.

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Зображення з зонда "надія", що показують Марс без полярного сяйва (ліворуч) і плямисте протонне Полярне сяйво ( в центрі і праворуч) / фото EMM/EMUS
Hope image showing Mars without aurora (left) and spotted proton aurora (center and right) / EMM/EMUS photo

As the experts explained, this spotted aurora is the result of plasma turbulence, which leads to the direct deposition of the solar wind on the entire day side of Mars.

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In other words, a rare chaotic interaction between Mars and the solar wind is responsible for the spotted aurora; although it is not entirely clear what effect this has on the Martian surface.

Механізм утворення нормальних і плямистих протонних аврорів на Марсі / фото Emirates Mars Mission / UAE Space Agency
Mechanism of formation of normal and speckled proton auroras on Mars / photo Emirates Mars Mission / UAE Space Agency
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